In addition to Unity, Coherence plays a crucial part of writing a paragraph. Every coherent paragraph containts smoothly-connected ideas. Each sentence moves on naturally. Tshe paragraph is like a well-built high-way. Vehicles will run smoothly without encountering too many obstacles. On the contrary, the incoherent paragraph might be like a zig-zag bumpy mountain road; as the result vehicles can’t run fast and easily.
To achieve coherence, the writer need to use the transitions, such as however, although, finally, and nevertheless. As the word implies, a transition is similar to change one item idea to another. So that able to support the writer to make smooth way to produce a coherent paragraph. Using appropriate transisitons, the writer will not jump out of the blue or sound too abrupt. The idea will run smoothly.
Pay attention to the following transitions in the paragraph below:
Recently, I went to Surabaya, a lovely big city in East Java, to visit my penfriend, Arda, for the first time. Although the bus was full, I was lucky enough to get a comfortable seat and could enjoy the trip. After about a forty-five minutes, I got off at the station and began to look for my friend’s address. Unfortunately, I failed completely in my attempt. To cheer myself up, I then window-shopped downtown. Moreover, I had a walk in the town-square park. Nevertheless, I still ferlt rather dissapointed. Therefore, I decided to go home and said to myself, “Certainly, I shall ‘visit’ Arda another time.”
As we can observe, every sentence in the paragraph above begins with a transitional word. As a matter of fact we can delete some of them. Since we intended to supply a sample paragraph as many transitional words or expressions as possible, we included all the transitions by intention. It is understandable if some of us argue that the paragraph, in fact, does not read naturally: It contains too many transitions.